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By Charles Hutton

A Mathematical and Philosophical Dictionar is a distinct sourcebook for historians of arithmetic, astronomy and philosophy. it's Charles Hutton's such a lot famous paintings and greatly thought of to be the successor to John Harris's nice Lexicon Technicum, or an common English Dictionary of the humanities and Sciences (1704). initially released in volumes in 1795-6, this expansive clinical encyclopedia includes hundreds of thousands of reasons of phrases and a wealth of biographical details at the significant British and ecu scientists and philosophers. one of the biographical entries, which come with distinct bibliographical descriptions, are Berkeley, Huygens, Boyle, Bacon, Gassendi, Flamsteed, Hooke, Brahe, Newton, Galileo and Halley. the various clinical phrases are concisely defined and illuminated by way of examples and illustrations.

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Extra resources for A Mathematical and Philosophical Dictionary: Containing an Explanation of the Terms, and an Account of the Several Subjects, comprized under the heads ( Writings of the most Eminent Authors, etc)

Sample text

The antinomy emerges as we pass from the maxims of reflection to constitutive statements. Here lies the essential subreption that consists in going from epistemological necessity to ontological claim, from the ‘must be judged’ (maxims) to the ‘is’ (principles). Whilst the conflict of maxims can still be resolved by referring us to the limitation of our knowledge, its ontological conversion cannot. The rule for the possibility of experience explicated in the Second Analogy constitutes the very opening of the ‘whole of appearance’, yet its ontological counterpart as a ‘determinant a priori principle’ is illegitimate.

First, in proposing the dialectic as a third form of production, Philonenko picks up on Kant’s own admission that both ideal and real cause are unable to account for the phenomenon of the self-organization of nature.

The limit of the individual itself, on the other hand, is its own production, it is part of its self-organization and determines it as a unilateral distinction. 57 The source of the unstable and paradoxical character of the ‘organized object’ thus derives from the projection of the matter/life antithesis onto the mereological determination of the hypothetical causality belonging to self-organization – from the whole to the parts and back again. 6. Let us now turn to the definition of natural purposes.

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