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Extra resources for A v-integrable function which is not lebesgue integrable on any portion of the unit square

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UMTS TE MT UTRAN CN lu GSM/EDGE CN Gateway TE NODE End−to−End Service UMTS Bearer Service TE/MT Local Bearer Service External Bearer Service CN Bearer Service Radio Access Bearer Service Radio Bearer Service lu Bearer Service UTRA FDD/TDD Service Physical Bearer Service ✁✱✕ ☛✥✦✮✍✣✲ ✾ ✤ ✘ ✾ ✦ Backbone Bearer Service ✱ ★✪✭✠✫ ✭ ❅✪❆ ✱ ❅ ✫ ✏❵✄✵✯ ✭ ✬❅ ✯ ✭ ★ ✳✬✷✟✁ ★ ✫ ✭ ★✪✭ ✺ ☎ ☎ ✯ ✺❆✸✻❂ ❊❄✺ ✍ ✥❍✏❭✒✳✺ ✍ ❂ ✲❁✼✿❖ ❘ ❍✓✒ ✯ ❍✕✾❏✏ ✍ ✸✻✴✶✺✽✾❁✼✿❖❳✣ ✼✿▼◆✴ ❅ ✛ ❘ ✯ ✣✜✪✤✏ ✼ ✸★✔ ✺✽❂ ✼ ❈❄✸■❍◆✔ ✺✽❖❁✼✧✏ ❂ ❍✕✾❏✏ ✍ ✴✶✾ ✍✟✍ ✸✻✴✶✾✖✏✻✵ ✺❘✏ ✥ ✏■✺❆❍✕✾ ❂ ✴❉❈❄✴✶❂ ✺ ✍ ❅ ● ❍✶✸ ❊✖✏ ✼ ✸▲❖✡✴ ✍ ✴ ✫ ✗ ❃ ✴✶❂✻❋❇✼ ✍ ✥❍✏❭✒✳✺ ✍ ❂ ✲❁✼✿❖ ❂ ✾✡❂ ❍✕✾✖✏ ✍ ✸✻✴✶✺✽✾❁✼✿❖ ✣ ✼✿▼✽✴ ❅ ✣ ✴ ✍ ✴ ✛ ❂ ✣✳✣✜✪❳✏■✼ ✸★✔✛✺◆❂ ✼ ❈✡✸✻❍◆✔ ✺✽❖❁✼✧✏ ✍ ✸✻✴✶✾✖✏■✵ ✺✑✏★✏■✺❆❍✕✾ ✗❄✘✴ ✏ ✼✿❖ ❍✕✾ ❖✡✼✿✵ ✴✶✾✡❖✲✗❄❊ ✍ ❍◗❚✢✼ ✸❄✏ ✾❁❍ ❀✕❊✡✴❉✸✻✴✶✾ ✍ ✼ ✼✿❖ ❂ ✴❉❈❄✴✶❂ ✺ ✍ ❅ ✫ ✱✳✲❁✼ ❂❃✲❄✴❉✸✻✴✶❂ ✍ ✼ ✸✻❘✺ ✏ ✍ ✺◆✕❂ ✏✰❍ ● ✗✬✼✿✴❉✸■✼ ❄✸ ✏✳✴❉✸■✼ ✘✴ ✏✳▼✽✑✺ ✏ ✍ ✼✿❖ ✺✽✾ ✱ ✴◗✗✓▼❆✼ ❀✛✫✯❀✛✫ ✗ ✂✁☎✄✝✆✟✞✡✠☛✁ ❘ ✣✳✣ ✯✣ ❘ ❘ ✯ ✣ ❘ ✯ ✣ ❘ ✯ ✣ ❂ ✣✳✣ ❂ ✣✳✣ ❂ ✣✳✣ ❂ ✣✳✣ ☞✌✞✎✍✏✄✒✑✓✍✝✁ ❆ ❁✗ ❏✏ ❂✔❁ ❁✗ ❏✏ ✪ ❁◆❁ ✜✗ ❏✏ ❀◆❆✔❁ ✜✗ ❏✏ ✿✵❊ ❁✽❆ ✜✗ ❏✏ ❂✔❁ ❁✗ ❏✏ ✪ ❁◆❁ ✜✗ ❏✏ ❀◆❆✔❁ ✜✗ ❏✏ ✿✵❊ ❁✽❆ ✜✗ ❏✏ ✷ ❄❈ ✷ ❄❈ ✷ ✡❈ ✷ ✡❈ ✷ ✡❈ ✷ ❄❈ ✷ ✡❈ ✷ ✡❈ ✷ ✡❈ ❂✔❁ ✪ ❁◆❁ ❀◆❆✔❁ ✿✵❊ ❁✽❆ ❂✔❁ ✪ ❁◆❁ ❀◆❆✔❁ ✿✵❊ ❁✽❆ ✸ ✏☛✟✮✭❚✲ ✾ ✤ ✾ ☞✕✔✗✖ ✢ ✪✎❊ ✜ ✢ ✪✎❊ ✜ ✢ ✪✎❊ ✜ ✢ ✪✎❊ ✜ ✢ ✪✎❊ ✜ ✢ ✪✎❊ ✜ ✢ ✪✎❊ ✜ ✢ ✪✎❊ ✜ ✢ ✪✎❊ ✜ ✢ ✙ ✢ ✙ ✢ ✙ ✢ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✙ ✵ ✵ ✵ ✵ ✵ ❊✡✾❄❂ ❍✕✾✖✏ ✍ ✸✻✴✶✺✽✾✡✼✿❖ ❊✡✾❄❂ ❍✕✾✖✏ ✍ ✸✻✴✶✺✽✾✡✼✿❖ ❊✡✾❄❂ ❍✕✾✖✏ ✍ ✸✻✴✶✺✽✾✡✼✿❖ ❊✡✾❄❂ ❍✕✖✾ ✏ ✍ ✸✻✴✶✺✽✾✡✼✿❖ ✢ ✙ ✘✙✁☎✚✡✑✜✛ ✿✵❊ ✙✏ ❀ ❊◆❊ ❪✏ ❀ ❊◆❊ ❪✏ ❀ ❊◆❊ ❪✏ ❀ ❊◆❊ ❪✏ ✦ ✸✖❄▼✆ ✄ ✑✪★ ✫✮✭ ★✪✭✻✺✼★✪✭✤✣ ✱ ❅ ★ ✺ ✁✁ ✁ ✑✶✩✄✂ ✡ ✠ ✙✄ ✄ ✆ ✄ ✄ ✠ ✄ ✟ ③✂ ✓✏❂☞✭✪✱✪✱☞✽☞✯ ❆ ❈ ✱ ✾ ✤ ✘ ✛✤ ✘ ✂ ❃ ✿❀ ✹✢ ⑥ ✓✢ ✱☛ ✕✗✒✔✏☛✭ ✻★✏ ✚✮✚ ✲ ✭❚✡ ✱▲✲❁✼ ✸✻✼▲✴❉✸■✼ ✍ ✒✰❍ ✍ ❅ ❈✬✼✧✏ ❍ ● ▼❆❍✶❀✕✺✽❂ ✴✶▼❁❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼✑✏✓✒ ✱ ✸✻✴◗✸ ❂ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾❄✾❁✼✿▼☞✛ ✱ ✯ ❯ ✪ ✴✶✾✡❖ ❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼❁❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼ ✫ ✱ ✯ ❯ ❂ ✴✶✾❩✗✓✼ ❊✖✏ ✼✿❖ ✍ ❍ ✍ ✸✻✴✶✾✖✏■✵ ✺ ✍ ✗✬❍ ✍ ✲✧❊✖✏■✼ ✸ ❖✡✴ ✍ ✴ ✴✶✾✡❖✪❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼ ✺◆✾ ● ❍✶✸❃✵ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ❑ ✒✳✲✡✺✽▼❆✼ ✴ ❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼ ❂❃✲✡✴✶✾❄✾❁✼✿▼ ✺❘✏▲❊❏✏ ✼✿❖ ✍ ❍ ✍ ✸✻✴✶✾✖✏ ● ✼ ✸❉✏ ❅ ✾✡❂ ✲❁✸■❍✕✾✡✺❘✵✿✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✴✶✾✡❖ ❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼ ✺✽✾ ● ❍✶✸✻✵ ✴ ✍ ✺✽❍✕✾ ✫ ✱▲✲✡✼ ✍ ✸✻✴◗✸ ❂ ❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼✑✏ ✴❉✸✻✼✂✒ ✗ ✣ ✼✿❖❄✺✽❂ ✴ ✍ ✼✿❖ ✱ ✸✻✴◗✸ ❂ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼❉✛✢✣ ✱ ✯ ❯ ✪ ❂ ✴✶✾ ❂ ✴❉✸■✸■❅ ❊✖✏ ✼ ✸ ✺◆✾ ● ❍✶✸❃✵ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✺✽✾✭✗✬❍ ✍ ✲ ❊✡❈❄▼✽✺✽✾❁❋ ✴✶✾❄❖ ❖❁❍◆✒ ✾✡▼✽✺✽✾❁❋ ✍ ❍ ✴❪✏ ❈✓✼✿❂ ✺❘❄❨ ❂✹❊✖✏ ✼ ✸ ✫ ✗ ✯ ❍✕✵ ✵ ❍✕✾ ✱ ✸✻✴◗✸ ❂ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾✡✼✿▼☎✛ ✯ ✱ ✯ ❯ ✪ ✺❘✏ ✴ ❊✡✾✡✺✽❖❄✺❆✸■✼✿❂ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾✡✴✶▼✛❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼❁❊✖✏■✼✿❖ ✍ ❍✜✗✡✸✻❍✕✴✶❖✡❂ ✴✘✏ ✍ ❖❄✴ ✍ ✴ ✍ ❍ ✴ ✾ ❊✡✵▲✓✗ ✼ ✸ ❍ ● ❊✖✏ ✼ ✸❄✏ ✫ ✱▲✲✡✼ ❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸✻❍✕▼ ❂❃✲❄✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼❘✰✏ ✴❉✸■✼✂✒ ✗ ✣ ✼✿❖❄✺✽❂ ✴ ✍ ✼✿❖ ✯ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼ ✯ ✲❄✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼❁✛✢✣ ✯▲✯ ❯ ✪ ✺❘✏ ✴ ❈✓❍✕✺◆✾ ✍ ✥ ✍ ❍◗✥ ❈✬❍✕✺✽✾ ✍ ❂ ❍✕✾✡✾❁✼✿❂ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾✝✥ ❍✶✸✻✺❆✼✿✾ ✍ ✼✿❖ ❂❃✲❄✴✶✾✦✥ ✾❁✼✿▼ ✫✜✌✎✍ ✺❘✏ ❊✖✏ ✼✿❖ ✍ ❍ ❂ ✴❉✸■✸✻❅✧❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼ ✺✽✾ ● ❍✶✸✻✵ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✍ ❍ ✴ ❈❄✴❉✸ ✍ ✺◆❂ ❊✡▼✽✴❉✸ ❊✖✏ ✼ ✸ ✺✽✾❩✗✬❍ ✍ ✲ ❊❁❈❄▼✽✺✽✾✡❋ ✴✶✾❄❖ ❖❁❍◆✒ ✾✡▼✽✺✽✾❁❋ ✫ ✗ ❏ ✸✻❍✕✴✶❖✡❂ ✴✘✏ ✰✍ ✯ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸✻❍✕▼ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾✡✼✿▼☎✛ ❏ ✯✳✯ ❯ ✪✽✡✗ ✸■❍✕✴✶❖✡❂ ✴✘✏ ✍ ✏☛✏ ❅✦✏ ✍ ✼✿✵▼✥✯✳✒ ✺✽❖✡✼ ❍✶✸ ❂ ✼✿▼✽▼✾✥❍■✏ ❈✓✼✿❂ ✺✶✓❨ ❂ ✺✽✾ ● ❍✶✸✻✵ ✴✓✥ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✺✽✾ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❖✡❍◆✳✒ ✾❄▼✽✺✽✾❁❋ ❖✡✺❆✸✻✼✿❂ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✫ ✗ ❃ ✴❉❀✕✺✽✾❁❀ ✯ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾❄✾❁✼✿▼❫✛ ❃ ✯▲✯ ❯ ✪ ❂ ✴❉✸■✸❃✺❆✼✧✏ ❖❁❍✓✳✒ ✾✡▼✽✺✽✾✡❋ ❈❄✴❉❀✕✺✽✾❁❀ ✺✽✾ ● ❍✶✸✻✵ ✴ ✍ ✺✽❍✕✾ ✫ ✗ ✯ ❍✕✵ ✵ ❍✕✾ ✯ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼ ✯ ✲❄✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼❏✛ ✯▲✯✳✯ ❯ ✪ ✺❘✏ ❊❏✏ ✼✿❖ ● ❍✶✸ ❊✡❈❄▼✽✺✽✾❁❋ ✴✶✾✡❖ ❖✡❍◆✳✒ ✾❄▼✽✺✽✾❁❋✟✻✏ ✺❆❀✕✾✡✴✶▼✽✺✽✾✡❀✤✓✗ ✼ ✍ ✰✒ ✼ ✼✿✾ ❖ ❍✛❖❁✼✻✥ ❏ ✴✶✾✡❖ ❂ ✭❀✍ ✲❄✴ ✍ ✴❉✸■✼ ✾❁❍ ✍ ❅✕✼ ✍ ❂ ❍✕✾✡✾❁✼✿❂ ✍ ✼✿❖ ✫ ✾ ✤ ✘ ✗✤ ✫ ✄ ✸ ✍✣✏ ✚ ✡✜✰✥✢✓✍✑☞ ✻★✏ ✚✮✚ ✲ ✭❚✡ ✄ ✱ ✸✻✴✶✾✖✏ ❈✬❍✶✸ ✍ ❂❃✲✡✴✶✾❄✾❁✼✿▼❘✏ ❈✡✸■❍✓✔✛✺✽❖✡✼✩✏ ✼ ✸★✔ ✺✽❂ ✼✧✏ ❍◗❚✬✼ ✸✻✼✿❖❋✗ ❅ ✍ ✲✡✼ ❈❄✲✛❅✦✏■✺✽❂ ✴✶▼ ▼✽✴ ❅❇✼ ✸ ✍ ❍ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✲✡✺❆❀✕✲❁✼ ✸ ▼✽✴ ❅✕✼ ✸❄✏ ✫ ✰ ✍ ✸✻✴✶✖✾ ✏■❈✓❍✶✸ ✍ ❂❃✲✡✴✶✾❄✾❁✼✿▼✕✺❘✏ ❖✡✼✕❨❄✾❁✼✿❖❁✗ ❅ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❂ ✲✡✴❉✸✻✴✶❂ ✍ ✼ ✸✻✺✑✏ ✍ ✺✽❂✕✏ ❍ ● ✍ ✲❁✼ ❖✡✴ ✍ ✴ ✍ ✸❃✴✶✾✖✏ ● ✼ ✸ ❍◆✔❇✼ ✸ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✴✶✺❆✸ ✺✽✾ ✍ ✼ ✸ ● ✴✶❂ ✼ ✫ ✱▲✲❁✼ ✸✻✼ ✴❉✸■✼ ✍ ✒✰❍ ✍ ❅ ❈✬✼✧✏ ❍ ● ✍ ✸✻✴✶✾✖✏ ❈✬❍✶✸ ✍ ❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼✑✏✓✒ ✱▲✲❁✼❁✣ ✼✿❖✡✺✽❂ ✴ ✍ ✼✿❖ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼✿✛✢✣ ✯ ❯ ✪✰✴✶✾✡❖ ✯ ❍✕✵ ✵ ❍✕✾ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾❄✾❁✼✿❘▼ ✏ ✫ ✣ ✯ ❯ ❘✺ ✏ ✖❊ ✏ ✼✿❖ ✍ ❍ ❂ ✴❉✸■✸✻❅ ❊✖✏■✼ ✸▲✺✽✾ ● ❍✶✸✻✵ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ❍✶✸✳❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼☎✏✻✺❆❀✕✾✡✴✶▼❘✏ ✗✬✼ ✍ ✒✰✼ ✼✿✾ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❂ ✱❉❆✟✰ ❖ ✴✶✾✡❖ ❂ ✭▲✫ ✱▲● ✲✡✼ ✺◆❖❁✼✿✾ ✍ ✶✺ ❨❄❂ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾✧❍ ● ❂ ✭ ❂ ✴✶✾❲✗✓✼ ❖❁❍✕✾✡✼ ❊❄✾✡✴✶✵▲✗❄✺❆❀✕❊❁❍✕❊✖✏✻▼❆❅❈✗✛❅ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❈❄✲✛❅✚✏✻✺✽❂ ✴✶▼ ❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾✡✼✿▼ ✏ ❂ ❍ ❖✡✼ ✴✶✾✡❖ ✸■✼ ❉✛❊❁✼✿✾✡❂ ❅ ✾✛❊❄❖✵ ✗✬✼ ✸ ✫ ✰ ✣ ✯ ❯ ❂ ✴✶✲✾ ✗✬✼ ✼✿✺ ✍ ✲✡✼ ✸▲❊❁❈❄▼✽✺✽✾✡❋ ❍✶✸✳❖❁✓❍ ✒✳✾✡▼✽✺✽✾✡❋ ✫ ✱▲✲✡✼ ✸■✼ ✴❉✸■✩✼ ✏ ✕✼ ✔❇✼✿✾ ✍ ❅✛❈✓✧✼ ✏▲❍ ● ❂ ❍✕✵ ✵ ❍✕✾ ❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼ ❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿✑▼ ✏✓✒ ✗ ❏ ✸✻❍✕✴✶❖✡❂ ✘✴ ✏ ✍ ✯ ✲❄✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿✴▼ ✛ ❏ ✯ ❯ ✪ ✑✺ ✏✹✖❊ ✏ ✼✿❖ ✍ ❊❍ ✗✡✸■❍✕✴✶❖❄❂ ✘✴ ✏ ✍ ✏ ✦❅ ✏ ✍ ✼✿▼✵ ✥✯✒✳✺✽❖✡✼ ✴✶✾✡❖ ❂ ✼✿▼◆✾▼ ✥❍✏ ❈✬✼✿❂ ✶✺ ❨❄❂ ✺✽✾ ● ❍✶❭✸ ✥ ✵ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✺✽✾ ✍ ✲✡✼ ❖❁◆❍ ✒ ✾✡▼✽✺✽✾❁❋ ✫ ✗ ✼❁❍✶★✸ ✒ ✴❉✸✻✙❖ ✰ ❂ ❂ ✧✼ ✏★✏ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿☞▼ ✛✢✼✦✰ ✯ ❯ ✪ ❂ ✴❉✸■✸❃✺❆✧✼ ✏ ❖❁✓❍ ✒✳✾✡▼✽✺◆✾❁❋ ❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼❄✺✽✾ ● ❍✶✸✻✵ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✍ ❍ ✴ ❂ ✭ ✒ ✲❁✼✿✾ ✍ ✲❁✼ ▼❆❍ ❂ ✴ ✍ ✺✽❍✕✾ ❂ ✼✿▼✽▼✢❍ ● ✍ ✲❁✼ ❂ ✭ ❘✺ ✏✰❋ ✾❁✓❍ ✒✳✾ ✫ ✗ ❃ ✴❉❀✕✺✽✾❁❀ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿✽▼ ✛ ❃ ✯ ❯ ✪ ❂ ✴❉✸■✸✻✺❆✧✼ ✏ ❖❁✓❍ ✒✳✾✡▼✽✺✽✾✡❋ ❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼✬✺✽✾ ● ❍✶✸✻✵ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✍ ❍ ✴ ❂ ✭ ✒✳✲❁✼✿✾ ✍ ✲❁✼ ▼❆❍ ❂ ✓✴ ✥ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ❂ ✼✿▼✽▼ ❍ ● ✍ ✲❁✼ ❂ ✭ ❘✺ ✏ ❊❄✾❁❋✛✾✡◆❍ ✒✳✾ ✫ ✗ ❆✳✴✶✾✡❖❁❍✕✵ ✰ ❂ ❂ ✧✼ ✏★✏ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾✡✼✿✽▼ ✛✢❆✂✰ ✯ ❯ ✪ ❘✺ ✏▲✖❊ ✏■✼✿❈❖ ✗✛❅ ❂ ✭ ● ❍✶✸✳✸✻✴✶✾✡❖❁❍✕✵✙✴✶❂ ❂ ✧✼ ✏❄✏ ✫ ✭ ✍ ❍ ❂ ✴❉✸■✸✻❅ ❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼ ✺◆✾ ● ❍✶✸❃✵ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✗ ❂ ❈❄▼◆✺✽✾❁❋ ✩ ✲✡✴❉✸■✼✿❖ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼ ✛ ❂ ✩❄✯ ❯ ✪ ❘✺ ✏■✏■✲✡✴❉✸■✼✿✩❖ ✗ ✜❅ ✏ ✕✼ ✔✕✼ ✸✻✴✶❘▼ ✏ ❂ ● ❍✶✸✳✖❊ ✏ ✼ ✸✳❖❄✴ ✍ ✴ ✺✽✾ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❊❁❈✓▼✽✺✽✾❁❋ ✫ ✗ ✣ ✓❍ ✒✳✾✡▼◆✺✽✾❁❋ ✩ ✲✡✴❉✸✻✼✿❖ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿❫▼ ✛✢✣ ✩✡✯ ❯ ✪ ❘✺ ✏ ✍ ✲✡✼ ❂ ❍✕❊✡✾ ✍ ✼ ✸■❈❄✴❉✸ ✍ ❍ ● ❂✹✩✡✯ ❯ ✺◆✾ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❖❁✓❍ ✒✳✾✡▼✽✺◆✾❁❋ ✫ ✗ ❯ ✺❆❀✕✲ ✩ ❈✬✼ ✼✿❬❖ ✣ ✓❍ ✒✳✾✡▼✽✺◆✾❁❋ ✩ ✲✡✴❉✸■✼✿❖ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿■▼ ✛ ❯ ✩ ✥❍✣ ✩❄✯ ❯ ✪ ❘✺ ✏ ✏■✲✡✴❉✸■✼✿❬❖ ✗ ✙❅ ✏ ✕✼ ✔✕✼ ✸✻✴✶❘▼ ✏ ❂ ✭ ✍ ▲❍ ✏ ✼ ❄✸ ✔✕✼ ✘✴ ✏▲❑ ✴ ✗❄✺❆❀ ❈❄✺✽❈✓✼ ● ❍✶✸✳✲✡✺❆❀✕❈✲ ✏ ❈✬✼ ✼✿❖ ❖❄✴ ✍ ✴ ❖❁✼✿▼✽✶✺ ✔❇✼ ✸■❅ ✺✽✾ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❖✡◆❍ ✒✳✾❄▼✽✺✽✾❁❋ ✫ ✍ ✾ ✤✘ ✤✾ ✞ ✻ ◆✡✜✕✗✒✔✏☛✭ ☞☎ ✄ ✻★✏ ✚✮✚ ✲ ✭❚✡€✕ ✚ ✸ ✤ ✤ ❈❄✲✛✚❅ ✏✻✺✽❂ ✴✶▼ ❂❃✲✡✴✶✾❄✾❁✼✿▼ ✺✽✾ ✱❉✣✳✣ ✵ ❍ ❖✡✼✳❂ ✴✶✾✙✗✬✼▲✺✽❖❁✼✿✾ ✍ ✺✶❨✡✼✿❖▲✗ ❅ ✴ ● ✸■✼ ❉✛❊❁✼✿✾✡❂ ❅✶❑ ✍ ✺✽✵ ✼✧✏■▼❆❍ ✍ ❑ ✴✶✾✡❖❑✏ ❈✡✸■✼✿✴✶❖❄✺✽✾❁❀ ❂ ❍ ❖✡✼✩✒✳✺ ✍ ✲❄✺✽✾ ✴ ✍ ✸✻✴✶✾✖✏■✵ ✺✑✏★✏■✺❆❍✕✾ ● ❃✸ ✴✶✵ ✼ ✫ ✱▲✲❁✼ ❈❄✲✛❅✦✏■✺✽❂ ✴✶▼✢❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼❘✏✰✺✽✾ ❂ ✱❉❆✂✰❉✥ ✱❉✣✳✣ ✴❉✸■✼✂✒ ✰ ✿❁ ✗ ✗ ✗ ✗ ✗ ✗ ✗ ✗ ✗ ✗ ✾ ✤✘ ✤✟ ✁✁ ✁ ✟✄✂✆☎✞✝ ✆✡✞✟✝ ✠ ✡✆ ✠ ✯ ❍✕✵ ✵ ❍✕✾ ✯ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼ ❃ ✲✛❅✚✏✻✺✽❂ ✴✶▼ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾❄✾❁✼✿▼ ✛ ✯▲✯ ❃ ✯ ❯ ✪ ✺❘✏ ❊✖✏ ✼✿❖ ✍ ❍ ✍ ✸✻✴✶✾✖✏■✵ ✺ ✍ ❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼ ✺◆✾ ● ❍✶✸❃✵ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✺✽✾ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❊✡❈❄▼✽✺✽✾❁❋ ✫ ✱▲✲❁✼ ✍ ✸✻✴✶✾✖✏■❈✓❍✶✸ ✍ ❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼✛❏ ✯ ❯ ✺❘✏ ✵ ✴❉❈✡❈✬✼✿❖ ❍✕✾ ✍ ❍ ❃ ✸✻✺✽✵ ✴❉✸■❅ ✯ ❍✕✵ ✵ ❍✕✾ ✯ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼ ❃ ✲✛✦❅ ✏■✺✽❂ ✴✶▼ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▲ ▼ ✛ ❃✿✥ ✯▲✯ ❃ ✯ ❯ ✪❑✒✳✲❄✺✽▼❆✼ ✍ ✲✡✼ ✍ ✸❃✴✶✾✖✏ ❈✬❍✶✸ ✍ ❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾✡✼✿▼❘✏❪✼✦✰ ✯ ❯ ✴✶✾✡❖ ❃ ✯ ❯ ✴❉✸■✼ ✵ ✴❉❈✡❈✬✼✿❖ ❍✕✾ ✍ ❍ ✩ ✼✿❂ ❍✕✾✡❖✡✴❉✸✻❅ ✯ ❍✕✵ ✵ ❍✕✾ ✯ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼ ❃ ✲✛❅✦✏■✺✽❂ ✴✶▼ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾❄✾❁✼✿▼✿✛ ✩ ✥ ✯▲✯ ❃ ✯ ❯ ✪ ✫ ✣❑❃ ✯ ❯ ❘✺ ✏ ✖❊ ✏ ✼✿❖ ✍ ❍ ❂ ✴❉✸■✸■❅ ✖❊ ✏ ✼ ✸✳✴✶✾✡❖ ❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸✻❍✕▼ ✺✽✾ ● ❍✶✸✻✵ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✺✽❈ ✾ ✗✬❍ ✍ ✲ ❊❁❈✓▼✽✺✽✾❁❋ ✴✶✾✡❖ ❖✡❍◆✒✳✾❄▼✽✺✽✾❁❋ ✫ ❯ ✺✽❀✕✲ ✩ ❈✬✼ ✼✿❖ ❃ ✲✛✚❅ ✏✻✺✽❂ ✴✶❏▼ ✣ ✓❍ ✒✳✾✡▼✽✺✽✾✡❋ ✩ ✲✡✴❉✸■✼✿❖ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿■ ▼ ✛ ❯ ✩ ✥✑❃☛✣ ✩✡✯ ❯ ✪ ❂ ✴❉✸■✸✻❅ ✖❊ ✏ ✼ ✸ ✴✶✾✡❖ ❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼ ✺✽✾ ● ❍✶✸✻✵ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✺✽❬✾ ✗✓❍ ✍ ✲ ❊❁❈✓▼✽✺✽✾❁❋ ✴✶✾✡❖ ❖❁✓❍ ✒✳✾✡▼✽✺✽✾✡❋ ☎✫ ✌✎✍ ◗❍ ❚✬✼ ✸ ✏ ✲✡✺❆❀✕✲❁✼ ✸✰❖✡✴ ✍ ✴ ✸✻✴ ✍ ✼ ✍ ✲✡✴✶❈✾ ✣❑❃ ✯ ❯ ✴✶✾✡❖ ✺❘✏✤✏■✲✡✴❉✸✻✼✿❖ ✴✶✵ ❍✕✾❁❀ ✖❊ ✏■✼ ❄✸ ✏ ✫ ❯ ✺✽❀✕✲ ✩ ❈✬✼ ✼✿❖ ✩ ✲✡✴❉✸■✼✿❖ ✯ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾❄✾❁✼✿▼ ● ❍✶✸ ❯ ✩ ✥❍✣ ✩✡✯ ❯ ✛ ❯✹✩ ✥ ✩✡✯✳✯ ❯ ✪ ✴✶✾❄❖ ❯ ✺✽❀✕✲ ✩ ❈✬✼ ✼✿❖ ✩ ✲✡✴❉✸■✼✿❖ ✌ ✾ ● ❍✶✸✻✵ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾❄✾❁✼✿▼ ● ❍✶✸ ❯✹✩ ✥❍✣ ✩✡✯ ❯ ✛ ❯ ✩ ✥ ✦✩ ✌ ✯ ❯ ✪ ❂ ✴❉✸■✸■❅ ✲✡✺❆❀✕✲❁✼ ✸ ▼✽✴ ❅✕✼ ✸ ❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼ ✺✽✾ ● ❍✶✸✻✵ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ● ❍✶✸ ❯✹✩ ✥❍✣ ✩✡✯ ❯ ❃ ✲✛✦❅ ✏■✺✽❂ ✴✶✘▼ ✣ ◆❍ ✒ ✾✡▼✽✺✽✾❁❋ ✩ ✲✡✴❉✸■✼✿❖ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿✖▼ ✛ ❃☛✣ ✩✡✯ ❯ ✪ ❘✺ ✏ ✴ ❖❁✓❍ ✒✳✾✡▼✽✺✽✾✡❋✳❂❃✲❄✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼✕✖❊ ✏■✼✿❁ ❖ ✗ ❅ ✴ ✾ ❊✡▲✵ ✗✓✼ ✸ ❍ ● ❏❊ ✏ ✼ ❄✸ ✏ ✍ ❍ ✍ ✸✻✴✶❏✾ ✏■✵ ✺ ✍ ✗✬❍ ✍ ✲ ✖❊ ✏ ✼ ✸▲✴✶✾❄❖ ❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼ ✺✽✾ ● ❍✶✸✻✵ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✫ ❃ ✲✛✦❅ ✏■✺✽❂ ✴✶▼ ❂ ❈❄▼◆✺✽✾❁❋ ✩ ✲❄✴❉✸■✼✿❖ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾✡✼✿✽ ▼ ✛ ❃ ❂ ✩❄✯ ❯ ✪ ✑✺ ✏ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❂ ❍✕❊✡✾ ✍ ✼ ✸■❈❄✴❉✸ ✍ ❍ ● ❃☛✣ ✩❄✯ ❯ ✫ ❃ ✴✶❂✻❋❇✼ ✍ ❆✳✴✶✾✡❖✡❍✕❅ ✵ ✰ ❂ ❂ ✧✼ ✏❄✏ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿✜▼ ✛ ❃☛❆✟✰ ✯ ❯ ✪ ❘✺ ✏ ✴✶✾ ❊❁❈❄▼◆✺✽✾❁❋ ❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼✳✖❊ ✏ ✼✿❖ ● ❍✶✸ ✸✻✴✶✾❄❖❁❍✕✵ ✴✶❂ ❂ ✧✼ ✏★✏ ✫ ❃ ✴❉❀✕✺✽✾❁❀ ✌ ✾✡❖✡✺✽❂ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✯ ✲❄✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿❫ ▼ ✛ ❃ ✌■✯ ❯ ✪ ❂ ✴❉✸■✸■❅ ❈❄✴❉❀✕✺✽✾❁❀ ✺◆✾✡❖✡✺✽❂ ✴ ✍ ❍✶✸ ✫ ❃ ✲✛✦❅ ✏■✺✽❂ ✴✶▼ ❖ ❍ ❖✡✼ ❏ ✩ ❅ ✾✡❂ ✲❁✸■❍✕✾✡✶✺ ✵✿✴ ✍ ✺✽❍✕✾ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾✡✼✿▼ ✛ ❃ ❖ ❏ ✩✡✯ ❯ ✪ ❘✺ ✏ ✖❊ ✏ ✼✿❖ ✍ ❍ ✍ ✸✻✴✶✖✾ ✏■✵ ✺ ✍ ❂ ✼✿▼✽✽ ▼ ✏ ❅ ✦✾ ✥ ❂❃✲✡✸■❍✕✾✡✶✺ ✵✿✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕❃✾ ✗❄❊✡❄✸ ✏ ✍ ✫ ✩ ❅ ✾✡❂❃✲✡✸■❍✕✾✡✶✺ ✵✿✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✯ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾✡✼✿▼▼ ✛ ✩❄✯ ❯ ✪ ✑✺ ✏ ✴✶✾ ❖❁◆❍ ✒ ✾✡▼✽✺✽✾❁❋ ❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼ ✖❊ ✏■✼✿❖ ● ❍✶✸ ❂ ✼✿▼◆❁▼ ✏ ✼✿✴❉✸✻❂ ✲ ✴✶✾✡❖ ✏ ❅ ✾✡❂❃✲✡✸■❍✕✾✡✶✺ ✵✿✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ❍ ● ❂ ✭✳✫ ✬ ✏☛✰✮✰☛✕ ✚ ☛ ✢ ✻★✏ ✚✮✚ ✲ ✭❚✡ ✄ ☞✟ ❆✺ ❀✕❊❁✸✻✼ ❀✛✫ ✪ ❁ ❖✡✼ ❈❄✺✽❂ ✍ ✏ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✵ ✴❉❈✡❈❄✺◆✾❁❀ ❍ ● ▼❆❍✶❀✕✺✽❂ ✴✶▼❇❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾✡✼✿▼❘✏ ❍✕✾ ✍ ❍ ✍ ✸✻✴✶✾✖✏■❈✓❍✶✸ ✍ ❂❃✲❄✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼❘✏ ✫ ✼ ✺❆❀✕❊✡✸■✼ ❀✛✫ ✪ ◗ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✾✡✼✻✺ ✍ ❈✓✴❉❀✶✼✩✏■✲❁❍✓✒✟✏ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✵ ✴❉❈✡❈❄✺✽✾❁❀ ❍ ● ✍ ✸✻✴✶✾✖✏ ❈✬❍✶✸ ✍ ❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼✑✏✰❍✕✾ ✍ ❍ ❈❄✲✛❅✚✏■✺◆❂ ✴✶▼✓❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼✑✏ ✫ ★ ✴❉❈❄❈❄✺✽✾❁❀ ❍ ● ✴ ▼❆❍✶❀✕✺✽❂ ✴✶▼ ❂❃✲✡✴✶✾❄✾❁✼✿▼ ❍✕✾ ✍ ❍ ✴ ✍ ✸✻✴✶✾✖✏ ❈✬❍✶✸ ✍ ❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾✡✼✿▼ ❍ ❂ ❂ ❊❁✸ ✏❪✒✳✺ ✍ ✲✡✺✽✾ ✍ ✲❁✼ ★ ✰ ✯ ▼✽✴ ❅✕✼ ✸✿❑ ✒✳✲✡✺✽▼✽✼ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✵ ✴❉❈❄❈❄✺✽✾❁❀ ❍ ● ✍ ✸✻✴✶✖✾ ✏ ❈✬❍✶✸ ✍ ❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼✬❍✕✾ ✍ ❍ ✴ ❈❄✲✛❅✦✏■✺✽❂ ✴✶▼✬❂❃✲❄✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼✢❍ ❂ ❂ ❊✡✸❄✏▲✺✽✾ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❈❄✲✛❅✚✏■✺◆❂ ✴✶▼✓▼✽✴ ❅✕✼ ✸ ✫ ✼ BCCH− SAP PCCH− SAP DCCH− SAP CCCH− SAP CTCH− SAP DTCH− SAP MAC SAPs BCH PCH ✁✱✕ ☛✥✦✮✍✣✲ ✾ ✤ ✘ ✟ ✁✦ ✑✶✩✄✂ ☎ ✭✮✱❁✲✮✬ ❇✄ ✽❁✷ CPCH (FDD only) RACH FACH USCH DSCH HS−DSCH DCH Transport Channels ✳ ✵✱ ❅ ✫ ✏ ✡ ❆✪✫ ✴ ✴✰★✑✏✥❄ ✫ ✩ ✩✮✱✿✴ ✳✵✴ ✯ ✳✙✆ ✭✠✫ ✴ ✺ ✩ ✳ ✭✽✯✟✡ ❆✬✫ ✴ ✴✰★✑✏ ✺ ✼✸■✆✟✞✠ ✴✂ ✺ ✱ ★ ✟ ✠✟ ✓✾ ✡ ★❃ ✶✴ ✾✡❖❁❍✓✔✕✼ ✸✳✸✻✼ ● ✼ ✸❄✏ ✍ ❍ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✸✻✼ ❈❄▼✽✴✶❂ ✺✽✾❁❀ ❍● ● ✍ ✲❁✼ ❍✕▼✽❖ ✸✻✴✶❖❄✺❆❍ ▼✽✺◆✾❁❋✚✏✳✺✽✾ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❊✖✏ ✼ ✸ ✼ ❉ ❊❄✺❆❈❄✵ ✼✿✾ ✍ ✒✳✺ ✍ ✲ ✴ ✾❁✼✕✒ ▼✽✺◆✾❁❋ ✫■✌✎✍ ❍ ❂ ❂ ❊❁✸ ✏▲❖✡❊❁✼ ✍ ❍ ✴ ✾✛❊❄✵❖✗✬✼ ✸ ❍ ✸✻✼✿✴✘✏ ❍✕✾✖✏✓✒ ✗ ❯ ✴✶✾❄❖❁◆❍ ✔❇✼ ✸ ✑✺ ✏ ✾✡✼✿❂ ✼✧✏★✏■✴❉✸■❅ ✍ ❍ ✵ ✴✶✺✽✾ ✍ ✴✶✺✽✾ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❂ ❍✕✾✡✾❁✼✿❂ ✍ ✺✽❍✕✾ ❖✡❊❁✼ ✍ ❍ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❂ ✼✿▼✽▼✽❊❄▼✽✴❉✸▲✏ ✍ ✸✻❊✡❂ ✍ ❊❁✸■✼ ❍ ● ✵ ✘❍ ✗❄✺✽▼✽✼ ✍ ✼✿▼❆✼✿❂ ❍✕✵ ✵ ❊❄✾✡✺✽❂ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✫ ✰✫✏ ✴ ❊✖✏ ✼ ✸ ▼✽✼✿✴ ✔✕✼✧✏ ❍✕✾✡✼ ❂ ✼✿▼✽▼✹✴✶✾✡❖ ✼✿✾ ✍ ✼ ✸❄✏ ✴ ✾✡✼✕✒ ❂ ✼✿▼✽▼ ❑ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✻✼ ✺ ✑✺ ✏ ✍ ✺✽✾❁❀ ✸❃✴✶❖✡✺❆❍ ▼◆✺✽✾❁❋ ✲✡✘✴ ✏ ✍ ❈ ❍ ✗✓✼ ✍ ✼ ✸✻✵ ✺✽✾❄✴ ✍ ✼✿❖✧✴✶✾✡❖ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✾❁✼✕✒✗▼✽✺✽✾❁❋ ✍ ❍ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✾❁✼✕✒✗❂ ✼✿▼✽▼ ✲❄✴✘✏ ✍ ❍❈✗✬✼ ✧✼ ✏ ✍ ◗✴ ✗❄▼✽✑✺ ✏■✲❁✼✿❖ ✫ ❯ ✠ ✄✟✆ ✁ ✝ ✆✡✞ ✁✁ ✁✄✂ ✿◗ Transport Channels Physical Channels DCH Dedicated Physical Channel (DPCH) BCH Primary Common Control Physical Channel (P−CCPCH) FACH Secondary Common Control Physical Channel (S−CCPCH) PCH RACH Physical Random Access Channel (PRACH) USCH Physical Uplink Shared Channel (PUSCH) DSCH Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH) Paging Indicator Channel (PICH) Synchronisation Channel (SCH) Physical Node B Synchronisation Channel (PNBSCH) HS−DSCH High Speed Physical Downlink Shared Channel (HS−PDSCH) Shared Control Channel for HS−DSCH (HS−SCCH) Shared Information Channel for HS−DSCH (HS−SICH) ✁✱✕ ☛✥✦✮✍✣✲ ✾ ✤ ✘ ✑ ✦ ☞✆ ✭ ✫ ✴✰✺ ✩ ✳ ✭✽✯✂✡ ❆✬✫ ✴ ✴✬★✑✏ ❄ ✫ ✩ ✩ ✱ ✴ ✳✵✴✰✯ ✳ ☞✂ ❆✞✎✬✺ ✱ ❅ ✫ ✏✝✡ ❆✬✫ ✴ ✴✬★✑✏ ✺✹✳✵✴✜✸❇✆✂✞ ✆✂ ✺ ✱ ★ ✠✟ ✡ ✗ ✌ ● ✍ ✲✡✼✳✏■❅✚✏ ✍ ✼✿✵ ❏❊ ✏ ✼✧✏ ✴✶✾ ✺✽✾ ✍ ✼✿▼✽▼✽✺❆❀✶✼✿✾ ✍ ✸✻✴✶❖❄✺❆❍ ✵ ✴✶✾✡✴❉❀✶✼✿✵ ✼✿✾ ✍ ✏ ❅✦✏ ✍ ✼✿✵ ❑❁✲✡✴✶✾✡❖❁❍✓✔✕✼ ✸✰❂ ✴✶✾❈✗✓✼ ❊❏✏ ✼✿❖ ✍ ❍ ❄✴✶▼✽✴✶✾✡❂ ✼ ✍ ✸✻✴◗✸ ❂✹▼❆❍✕✴✶❖ ✴✶✵ ❍✕✾❁❀ ❂ ✼✿▼✽▼❘✏ ✫ ✌ ✾ ✍ ✼ ✸❭✥ ✾❁✼ ✍ ✒✰❍✶✸■❋✧✲❄✴✶✾✡❖❁❍✓✔✕✼ ✸ ✺❘✏ ✾❁✼ ✼✿❖✡✼✿❖ ✍ ❍❋✏■❊✡❈✡❈✓❍✶✸ ✍❁✍ ✲❁✼ ✸■❍✕✴✶✵ ✺◆✾❁❀ ✫ ✼❁❍✶✸ ✼✻✺ ✴✶✵ ❈❄▼❆✼✶❑ ✍ ✲✡✼ ✺✽✾ ✍ ✼ ✸❭✥ ✏ ✚❅ ✏ ✍ ✼✿✵✙✲✡✴✶✾✡❖❁❍✓✔✕✼ ✸✴✗✬✼ ✍ ✒✰✼ ✼✿✾ ❂ ★ ✱ ✩ ✴✶✾✡❖❳✬ ✩❁★ ✺❘✏ ✾✡✼ ✼✿❖❁✼✿❖ ✍ ❍❪✏■❊✡❈✡❈✓❍✶✸ ✍ ✍ ✲✡✼✹✸■❍✕✴✶✵ ✺✽✾❁❀ ✺◆✾ ✍ ✲✡✼ ✴❉✸■✼✿✴ ✾❁❍ ✍ ❂ ✓❍ ✔✕✼ ✸■✼✿❖ ✗ ❅ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❂ ★ ✱ ✩ ✾✡✼ ✍ ✒✰❍✶✸■❋ ✫ ✱▲✲✡✺❘✏ ✺❘✏ ✼✧✏■❈✓✼✿❂ ✺✽✴✶▼◆▼❆❅ ✺✽✵ ❈✓❍✶✸ ✍ ✴✶✾ ✍ ❖✡❊❁✸❃✺✽✾❁❀ ✍ ✲✡✼ ✸■❍✕▼✽✾▼ ✥ ❍✕❊ ✍ ❈❄✲❄✘✴ ✏ ✼✹❍ ● ❂ ★ ✱ ✩✬✫ ● ✌ ✾ ✍ ✸✻✓✴ ✥ ❂ ✼✿▼✽▼ ✲✡✴✶✾✡❖❁✓❍ ✔✕✼ ✸✳✑✺ ✏✳❈✬✼ ✸ ❍✶✸✻✵ ✼✿❖ ✍ ❍ ✺✽✾❄❂ ✸■✼✿✘✴ ✏ ✼ ✍ ✲✡✼ ✕✼ ✸ ❂ ✺❆✼✿✾❄❂ ❅ ❍✶✸ ✍ ✲✡✼ ❉✛❊✡✴✶▼✽✺ ✍ ❅ ❍ ● ✍ ✲❁✼ ❂ ❍✕✾✝✥ ✾❁✼✿❂ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✫ ✼❁❍✶✸ ✻✼ ✺ ✴✶✵ ❈✓▼❆✼✶❑❄✴ ❂ ❍✕✾✡✾✡✼✿❂ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✵ ✴ ❈❅ ✗✓✼ ✲✡✴✶✾✡❖❁✼✿❖ ◆❍ ✔✕✼ ✸ ✍ ❍ ✴ ✾✡✼✕✒ ❂ ✼✿▼✽▼ ✍ ❍ ✸■✼✿❖✡❊✡❂ ✼ ✍ ✲✡✼ ❈✓✓❍ ✒✰✼ ✸ ✼✿✵ ❘✺ ✏★✏■✺❆❍✕✾ ✜✫ ✌ ✾ ✍ ✸✻✓✴ ✥ ❂ ✼✿▼◆▼ ✲✡✴✶✾❄❖❁◆❍ ✔❇✼ ✸ ❂ ❍✕❊❄▼✽❩❖ ✗✓✼ ❈✬✼ ✸ ● ❍✶✸❃✵ ✼✿❖ ✍ ❍ ✺✽✾✡❂ ✸■✼✿✘✴ ✏■✼ ✍ ✲❁❑✼ ✗✓✺ ✍ ✸❃✴ ✍ ❑✼ ✗✛❅ ❂❃✲✡✴✶✾✡❀✕✺✽✾❁❀ ✍ ❍ ✴✶✾❁❍ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✸ ● ✸■✼ ❉✛❊❁✼✿✾✡❂ ❅ ❍✶✸ ✍ ✺✽✵ ✧✼ ✏■▼❆❍ ✍ ✫ ✗ ✗ ✗ ✾ ✤ ✥✤✛✘ ✂ ✬ ✸ ✽✰✥✲✶✡ ✢ ✆✏ ✚ ✤✮✢★❏✶✲✓✍ ☞✟✆☎ ☎ ✞ ✍✣✢✥✒✵✲✶✤✧✦✮✍✣✲✶✡ ✼✿✾❁✼ ✸❃✴✶▼✽▼❆❅ ✍ ❁✲ ✼ ✸■✼ ✴❉✸■✼ ✍ ✡✲ ✸■✼ ✼ ✍ ❅ ❈✬✼✧✏ ❍ ● ✺✽✾ ✍ ✸✻✴✓✥❍✏ ❅✦✏ ✍ ✼✿✵ ✲✡✴✶✾❄❖❁❍◆✔❇✼ ✸ ❈✡✸■❍✛❂ ✼✿❖✡❊❁✸■✼✧✏ ✺✽✾ ❂ ★ ✱ ✩ ❉✺ ✒ ✿✵❊◆❊✶✿ ✪ ✤ ✥✤✛✘✧✤ ✘ ✾ ✂ ✹❑ ✛ ☛✍✌✏✎✑✎ ✆✏✽✍✣✤✝☎✆✏ ✚ ✤✮✢★❏✶✲ ✍ ☎ ✾ ✡✲ ✴❉✸✻❖ ✲✡✴✶✾✡❖❁❍✓✔✕✼ ✸✿❑✰✴✶▼✽▼ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❍✕▼✽❖ ✸✻✴✶❖❄✺❆❍ ▼✽✺✽✾❁❋✦✏ ✍ ❍ ✍ ✲✡✼ ❊✖✏ ✼ ✸ ✼ ❉ ❊✡✺✽❈❄✵ ✼✿✾ ✍ ✴❉✸■✼ ✍ ✼ ✸✻✵ ✺✽✾✡✴ ✍ ✼✿❖ ✗✬✼ ● ❍✶✸✻✼ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✾✡✼✕✒ ✸✻✴✶❖✡✺❆❍ ▼◆✺✽✾❁❋✦✏ ✴❉✸✻✼ ✼✧✏ ✍ ✴◗✗❄▼✽✺✑✏■✲❁✼✿❖ ✫ ✱▲✲✡✺✑✏✹✺❘✏✹❋ ✾❁❍◆✒ ✾ ✴✘✏ ✏☎ ✗ ✝ ✦✗ ✔✍✠☎ ✗ ✝ ✰✗ ✫ ✱▲✲ ❊✖✏ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❊✖✏■✼ ✸ ✼ ❉✛❊✡✺❆❈❄✵ ✼✿✾ ✍ ✒✳✺✽▼✽▼☛✗✓✼ ▼❆✼ ● ✍ ✒✳✺ ✍ ✲❁❍✕❊ ✍ ✴✶✾✛❅ ✸❃✴✶❖✡✺❆❍ ▼✽✺✽✾❁❋ ● ❍✶✸ ✴✭✏■✲❁❍✶✸ ✍▼✍ ✺✽✵ ✼ ✫ ❯ ✴❉✸✻❖ ✲✡✴✶✾✡❖❁❍✓✔✕✼ ✸ ❂ ✴✶✾ ✗✬✼ ✏ ✼✿✴✶✵ ▼✽✧✼ ✏★✏ ✺ ● ✍ ✲❁✼✳✵ ✺❘✏★✏■✺✽✾✡❀ ❍ ● ✍ ✲❁✼✳✸✻✴✶❖✡✺❆❍ ▼✽✺◆✾❁❋ ✺❘✏ ✾❁❍ ✍ ❈✬✼ ✸✻❂ ✼ ❈ ✍ ✺✶✗❄▼✽✼ ✍ ❍ ✍ ✲❁✼✳❊❏✏ ✼ ✸ ✫■✌ ✾ ❈✡✸✻✴✶❂ ✍ ✺✽❂ ✴✶▼✖✏■❅✚✏ ✍ ✼✿✵❪✏ ✛✢✏■❊✡❂ ✲ ✘✴ ✏❖✬ ✩✡★ ✪❃❑ ✴ ✲❄✴❉✸✻❖ ✲✡✴✶✾✡❖❁❍✓✔✕✼ ✸✹✺❘✏ ❈✬✼ ✸ ● ❍✶✸✻✵ ✼✿❖●✒✳✲❁✼✿✾ ✍ ✲✡✼ ❂❃✲✡✴✶✾✡❀✶✼ ✺✽✾ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❂ ✴❉✸■✸✻✺✽✼ ✸ ● ✸■✼ ❉✛❊❁✼✿✾✡❂ ❅ ❘✺ ✏ ✾✡✼ ✼✿❖❁✼✿❖ ✫ ✬ ✩❁★ ❈✬✼ ✸ ● ❍✶✸❃✙ ✵ ✏ ✲✡✴✶✾✡❖✡◆❍ ✔✕✼ ✸✹✘✴ ✏❖✏ ❍❇● ❍✕✾ ✘✴ ✏ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✸■✼✿❂ ✼✿❘✺ ✔✕✼✿❲❖ ✏■✺❆❀✕✾❄✴✶▼ ▼❆✼✕✔✕✼✿▼ ❍ ● ✍ ✲❁✼ ✾❁● ✼✕✒ ✗❄✴✘✏■✼ ✏ ✍ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ❘✺ ✏ ✾▲❖✡❏ ◗✴ ✗✓✓❍ ✔✕✼ ✍ ✲❁✼✰✸■✼✿❂ ✼✿✶✺ ✔❇✼✿❑ ❖ ✏■✺❆❀✕✾✡✴✶▼✛❍ ✍ ✲❁✼✰❍✕▼✽❑❖ ✏ ✍ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕❊✾ ✛✢✏ ✼ ✂✼ ✼ ✺✽❀✕❊❁✸■✼ ❀✛✫ ✪ ❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❍✕▼✽▼❆❍✓✒✳✺✽✾❁❀ ❈❄✴❉❀✶◆✼ ✪ ✫ ✰ ● ✍ ✼ ✸ ✴ ✲✡✴✶✾✡❖✡◆❍ ✔✕✼ ✸ ✲❄✘✴ ✏ ❍ ❂ ❂ ❊✡✸■✸■✼✿❖ ❑✛✴ ✍ ✺✽✵ ✼ ✸ ✑✺ ✏❫✏ ✼ ✍ ✫ ❖ ❍ ✲✡✴✶✾✡❖❁✓❍ ✔✕✼ ✸ ❂ ✴✶❪✾ ✗✓✼▲❈✬✼ ✸ ● ❍✶✸✻✵ ✼✿❖ ✴❉❀✕✴✶✺◆✾ ✘✴ ✏✳▼✽❍✕✾❁❀ ✘✴ ✏ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✍ ✺◆✵ ✼ ✸▲✲✡✘✴ ✏▲✾❁❍ ✍ ✻✼ ✺ ❈❄✺❆✸✻✼✿❖ ✫ ✱▲✲✡❘✺ ✏ ❘✺ ✏ ❖✡❍✕✾❁✼ ✍ ❍ ◆✴ ✔✕❍✕✺✽❖ ✍ ✲❁✼✹❈❄✺◆✾❁◗❀ ✥ ❈✓❍✕✾✡❀ ✻✼ ❚✢✼✿❂ ✍ ✫ ✌ ✡ ✾ ✤ ✥✤✛✘✧✤✖✫ ✂ ● ✢ ▲☞✏☎✆✏ ✚ ✤✮✢★❏✶✲✓✍ ☞✟ ✟✞✟✠ ✡ ☛✡ ☞✠✍✌ ✎✞ ✾ ★ ✱ ✩ ❑ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✩ ❍ ● ✍ ❯ ✴✶✾✡❖❁❍✓✔✕✼ ✸❳✛ ✩★❯ ❴ ✪ ✼✧✏ ✍ ✴◗✗❄▼✽✺✑✏■✲❁✼✧✏ ✴✶✾✡❖✚✸■✼✿✵ ❍✓✔✕✼✧✏ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✾✡✼✕✒ ✸✻✴✶❖✡✺❆❍ ▼✽✺✽✾✡❋✚✏▲✏■❊✡❂ ✲ ✲✡✴ ✴ ❆▼ ✼✿✴✘✏ ✍ ❍✕✾✡✼ ✸✻✴✶❖✡✺❆❍ ▼◆✺✽✾❁❋ ✺❘✏ ❋✕✼ ❈ ✍ ❂ ❍✕✾✡✾❁✼✿❂ ✍ ✼✿❖ ✍ ❍ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❂ ✱❉❆✂✰ ❖ ✫☎✌✎✍ ✺❘✏✹❈✬❍✱✏★✏■✺❘✗❄▼❆✼ ✍ ❍ ✴✶❖✡❖ ✾✡✼✕✒ ✌ ❂ ✍ ✍ ✍ ✿❂ RX Level [dBm] BCCH BS 1 ✁✁ ✁ ✟✄✂✆☎✞✝ ✆✡✞✟✝ ✠ ✡✆ ✠ BCCH BS 2 Margin Connected to BS 1 Connected to BS 2 ✁✱✕ ☛✥✦✮✍✣✲ ✾ ✛✤ ✘✗✕✥✦ ✫✭ ✫ ✴ ✳ ✣✪★✪✭ Time of HHO ✡ time [s] ✡ ✸✻✴✶❖❄✺❆❍ ▼✽✺✽✾✡❋✚✏ ✍ ❍ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❴ ✾✡✼✕✒ ❂ ✼✿▼✽▼ ✗✓✼ ● ❍✶✸■✼ ✍ ✲❁✼ ● ❂ ❊✡✸■✸■✼✿✾ ✍ ▼✽✺✽✾❁❋ ✺❘✏ ✍ ✼ ✸✻✵ ● ✺✽✾✡✴ ✍ ✼✿❖ ✫ ✱▲✲✡✺❘✏▲✺✑✏▲❋ ✾❁❍◆✒ ✾ ✴✘✏ ✝ ✰✗ ✦✗ ✔✍✠☎✞✗ ✔☎✞✗★✝ ✫ ✩☛❯ ✺❘✏ ❀✶✼✿✾✡✼ ✸✻✴✶▼✽▼❆❅ ❈✓✼ ✸ ❍✶✸✻✵ ✼✿❖ ✗ ❅ ✵ ✼✿✴✶✾✖✏ ❍ ✵ ✴✶❂ ✸■❍ ❖✡✺❘✔✕✼ ✸❄✏■✺ ✍ ❅ ✒✳✺ ✍ ✲ ✏ ✼✿▼✽✼✿❂ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ❂ ❍✕▲✵ ✗❄✺✽✾❄✺✽✾❁❀ ✫ ✌✎✍ ✺❘✏✰✺✽✾✡✺ ✍ ● ✺✽✴ ✍ ✼✿❖ ✺ ● ✍ ✲❁✼✜❆▲✼✿❂ ✼✿✺✶✔❇✼ ✩ ✺❆❀✕✾✡✴✶▼ ✯ ❍ ❖❁✼✄❃ ❍✓✒✰✼ ✸❁✛✢❆ ✩✡✯ ❃✴✪ ❍ ● ✍ ✲❁✼ ✯ ❍✕● ✵ ✵ ❍✕✾ ❃ ✺✽▼❆❍ ✍ ✯ ✲❄✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿☎▼ ✛ ✯ ❃ ✌ ✯ ❯ ✪ ❍ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✾❁✼✕✒❀✗✓✴✘✏ ✼✟✏ ✍ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✺❘✏ ▼✽✼✧✏★✏ ✍ ✲✡✴✶✾ ✾▲❖✡❏ ✗✬✼✿▼❆❍✓✒ ✍ ✲❁✼✟✏✻✺❆❀✕✾✡✴✶▼❁❍ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❂ ❊❁✸■✸■✼✿✾ ✍ ✗❄✘✴ ✏■▲ ✼ ✏ ✍ ✴ ✍ ✺✽❍✕✾ ✫ ✱▲✲✡✺❘✏ ✾▲❖✡❏ ✸✻✴✶✾✡❀✶✼ ✺✑✏✳❋ ✾❁❍✓✒✳✾ ✴✘✏ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✸■✼ ❈✬❍✶✸ ✍ ✺✽✾❁❀ ✸✻✴✶✾❁❀✶✼ ✫ ✱▲✲❁✼✧✏■✼ ✾❁✼✕✒ ✗❄✴✘✏ ✼❑✏ ✍ ✴ ✍ ✺✽❍✕✾✖✏ ✴❉✸■✼ ✴✶❖✡❖❁✼✿❖ ✍ ❍ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✑ ✂✆✥ ✰✗ ✘✗✔✂ ✫ ✚ ✺✽❂ ▲✼ ✔✕✼ ❄✸ ✏■✴ ❑ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❍✕▼✽❖ ✸❃✴✶❖✡✺❆❍ ▼◆✺✽✾❁❋ ✍ ✲✡✴ ✍ ✺❘✏ ✾✳❖✡❏ ✗✬✼✿▼❆❍◆✒ ✍ ✲❁✼▼❆ ✩✡✯ ❃ ❍ ● ✯ ❃ ✌■✯ ❯ ❍ ● ✍ ✲❁✼ ✾❁✕✼ ✒ ✗❄✘✴ ✏ ▼✼ ✏ ✍ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕❩✾ ✒✳✺✽▼◆☞▼ ✗✓✼ ❖❁✸✻❍✶❈✡❈✓✼✿❖ ● ✸✻❍✕✵ ✍ ✲✡✼▲✰ ❂ ✍ ✺✶✔✕✼ ✩ ✼ ✍ ✴✶✾✡❖ ❈✓❊ ✍ ✺✽✾ ✍ ❍ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✍✠✟✖✥✆✂✴✍✠☎✞✗ ✘✗✔✂ ✺✽✖✾ ✏ ✍ ✼✿✴✶❖ ✫ ✭ ✺ ✴✶✵ ❈✓▼❆✼ ❍ ● ✍ ✲❁✼ ✴✶❖✡❖❄✺✽✾❁❀ ✴✶✾✡❖ ❖❁✸■❍✶❈✡❈✓✺✽✾❁❀✪❍ ● ▼✽✺◆✾❁❋✚✏ ✺✽✾ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✴✶❂ ✍ ✺✶✔❇✼❊✏ ✼ ✍ ❘✺ ✏✳✏■✲✡◆❍ ✒✳✾✪✺✽● ✾ ✼ ✺❆❀✕❊❁✸■✼ ❀✛✫ ✪ ❆ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✾❁✻✼ ✺ ✍ ❈❄✴❉❀✶✼ ✫ ✰ ✏■✺✽✵ ❊✡▼✽✴ ✍ ✶✺ ✔❇✼ ✴✶✾✡✴✶▼❆✦❅ ✏■❘✺ ✏ ❍ ● ✩★❯ ❴ ❈✓✼ ✸ ● ❍✶✸✻✵ ✴✶✾✡❂ ✼ ✴✘✏ ✒✰✼✿▼✽▼ ✘✴ ✏ ❈✬✼ ✸ ● ❍✶✸❃✵ ✴✶✾✡❂ ✼ ❍✶❈ ✍ ✺✽✵ ✶✺ ✵✿✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✏ ✍ ✸✻✴ ✍ ✼ ❀✕✺❆✧✼ ✏ ❂ ✴✶✾ ✗✓✼ ● ❍✕❊✡✾✡❖✚✺✽✾ ✬ ✪✎✚✮✤✧✦❇✢✪✼ ✍ ✴✶▼ ✫ ✛ ✿✵❊◆❊ ❀ ✪ ✴✶✾✡❖ ☛ ✕ ✞ ✍✣✍ ✦ ✍ ✩ ☞ ✚ ✏ ✼ ✍ ✴✶▼ ✫ ✛ ✿✵❊◆❊ ❀ ✪ ✫ ✌ ✡ ☛✡ ✠ ✡ ✁ ✝ ✎✞ ☞✠ ✟✞ ✄✂ ✆☎ ✟✞☎ RX Level [dBm] ✠✟ CPICH BS 1 CPICH BS 2 Reporting Range for Add Connected to BS 1 ✡☛☞☛ ✡ ☞☛ ✡ Connected ✡ ☞☛ ✡ ☞☛ ✡ ☞☛ ✡ ☞☛ ✡ ☞☛ ✡ to☞☛ ✡ BS ✡ ☞☛ ✡ 1 ☞☛ ✡ and ✡ ☞☛ ✡ BS ✡ ☞☛ ✡ 2 ☞✡ ☞☛ ☞☛ ☞☛ ☞☛ ✁✱✕ ☛✥✦✮✍✣✲ ✾ ✤ ✘ ✘ ✦ ✧✄ ✳✬✷ ✯ ✾ ✤ ✥✤✛✘✧✤ ✾ ✂ ● ✢ ▲☞✩✲ ✍ ✆ ☎ ✏ ✚ ✤✮✢★❏✶✲✓✍ ☞✟ Reporting Range for Drop Connected to BS 2 ✫ ✴ ✳ ✣✬★✪✭✷✡✥✳ ✳ ✭ ✎✱ ✴✪✫✰✯✲✱ ✳✵✴❖ ✹❇❈✳✵✴ ✲✡ ★✑✏ ✏ ✺ time [s] Period of SHO time ✡ ✡ ✠✟ ✩ ❍ ● ✍ ✼ ✸ ✲❄✴✶✾✡❖❁❍✓✔✕✼ ✸ ❍✶✸ ✺◆✾ ✍ ✸❃✴✓✥ ❂ ✼✿▼✽▼✶✲✡✴✶✾✡❖❁❍✓✔✕✼ ✸ ✺✑✏ ✴✟✏ ❈✬✼✿❂ ✺✽✴✶▼ ❂ ✴✘✏ ✼ ❍ ● ✩★❯ ❴ ✫✕✌✎✍ ✴✶▼✽▼✽❍◆✒✟✏ ✵ ❍✶✸■✼ ✍ ✲✡✴✶✾ ✵ ❊✡▼ ✍ ✺❆❈❄▼✽✼ ✸✻✴✶❖❄✺❆❍ ▼✽✺◆✾❁❋✚✏ ● ✸■❍✕✵ ✍ ✲❁✼✳✏■✴✶✵ ✼✫✗❄✴✘✏ ✼✳✏ ✍ ● ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾✭✛ ❍✶✸ ❖ ❍ ❖❁✼✹❏❉✪ ✍ ❍▼✗✬✼ ✴✶❖❄❖❁✼✿❖ ❍✶✸✰✸■✼✿✵ ❍◆✔✕✼✿❖ ✫ ✯ ❍✕✾❏✏■✺✽❖❁✼ ✸ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✏■✺ ✍ ❊✡✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✺✽✾ ✼ ✺✽❀✕❊❁✸■✼ ❀✛✫ ✪ ❈ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✲✡✼ ✴✶❂ ✺✽✾❁❀ ❈❄✴❉❀✶✼ ✺✽✾✭✒ ✲✡✺✽❂ ✲ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❊✖✏■✼ ✸ ✼ ❉✛❊✡✺❆❈❄✵ ✼✿✾ ✍ ❂ ❍✕✵ ✼✧✏ ❂ ▼❆❍✱✏ ✼ ✍ ❍ ✍ ✲❁✙ ✼ ✏■✼✿❂ ● ✍ ❍✶❖✸ ✗✬❍✶✸✻❖❁✼ ✸ ✺✽✾ ✍ ✲✡❪✼ ✏■✴✶✵ ✼ ❂ ✼✿▼✽▼ ✫ ★ ✴✶❂ ✸■❍✪❖✡● ✶✺ ✔✕✼ ✸ ✏■✺ ✍ ✲❅ ✒✳✺ ✍ ✲ ✵ ✓✴ ✺❁✺✽✵ ● ❊✡✵ ✸✻✴ ✍ ✺❆❍ ❂ ❍✕✵▲✗❄✺✽✾❄✺✽✾❁❀ ❂ ✴✶✾ ✗✬✼ ❈✬✼ ✸ ❍✶✸❃✵ ✼✿❖ ✺✽✾ ✍ ✲✡❪ ✼ ✏■✴✶✵ ✼ ✾✡❍ ❖❁✼ ❏ ✫ ✩ ✺✽✾✡❂ ✙✼ ✏ ❍ ✍ ✼ ✸ ✲❄✴✶✾✡❖❁✓❍ ✔✕✼ ✸ ❘✺ ✏✹❈✬✼ ✸ ❍✶✸✻✵ ✼✿❖✭✒✳✺ ✍ ✲✡✺✽✾ ✴ ❂ ✼✿▼✽▼ ✴✶✾✡❖ ✸■✼ ❉✛❊✡✺❆✸✻✧✼ ✏ ✾✡❍ ✺✽✚✾ ✔✕❍✕✶▼ ✔✕✼✿✵ ✼✿✾ ✍ ● ✸■❍✕✵✙❍ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✸✳❂ ✼✿▼✽▼ ❑ ✍ ✲❄❘✺ ✏ ❘✺ ✏ ✍ ✲❁✩✼ ✏✻✺✽✵ ❈❄▼❆✧✼ ✏ ✍ ● ❍✶✸✻✵ ❍ ● ✲✡✴✶✾✡❖❁✓❍ ✔✕✼ ✸ ✫ ✁✁ ✁✄✝ ✁ ✠✂✆✡✞ ✂✁☎✄ ✆✟✞✞✁✎✄ ✿ ❅ CPICH Level reporting range A B C A B A B C active set C ✁✱✕ ☛✥✦✮✍✣✲ ✾ B A B C A C C ✤✛✘ ✥✦ ✍❅ ✯ ✱ ✣✬★✜✄✧★ ✯✾❄ ✫ ✴✬✫ ✮★✪❇❈★✪✴ ✯❑☎✣✂✮✫ ❇✶✩ ✏ ★ C ✔✂ time ✟ Iub RNC UE Iub Iur Iub (S)RNC ✁✱✕ ☛✥✦✮✍✣✲ ✾ ✤ ✘ ✥✦ ✄✧✳✬✷ ✯ ★✪✭ ✫ ✴ ✳ ✣✪★✪✭ ✔✝ ✑✶✩ ✄✂ ⑦ ✬ ✔ ✡ ✽❁✷✠✓ ✬✧✱ ✵✸✷ ✬✕✯ ▲✱ ✲❁✼✪❈✬❍◆✒✰✼ ✸ ❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸✻❍✕▼ ✴✶▼✽❀✶❍✶✸✻✺ ✍ ✲✡✵ ❊✖✏ ✼✿❖ ✺✽✾ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❂ ✱❉❆✂✰❉✥ ✱❉✣✳✣ ✵ ❍ ❖✡✼✪❍ ● ❍✶❈✓✼ ✸✻✴ ✍ ✺✽❍✕✾ ✺❘✏ ✍ ✲✡✼❩✏ ✍ ✴✶✾✝✥ ❖✡✴❉✸✻❖❄✺✶✵ ✼✿❖ ✩✚✌ ❆ ✗❄✴✘✏ ✼✿❖ ✴✶▼✽❀✶❍✶✸✻✺ ✍ ✲✡✵ ✛ ❖❁✼✕❨✓✾❁✼✿❖ ✺✽✾ ☛✍✌ ✎ ✎ ✛ ✿✵❊◆❊✶✿ ❀❵✪❭✪ ✫ ✱✳✲❁✼✹✴✶▼❆❀✶❍✶✸✻✺ ✍ ✲✡✵ ❊❏✏ ✼✧✏ ❍✶❈✬✼✿✾✦✥ ▼❆❍❇❍✶❈ ❈✬❍◆✒✰✼ ✸ ❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼ ✺✽✾ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❂ ❈❄▼◆✺✽✾❁❋ ✛ ❂ ❘■✪ ✴✶✾✡❖ ❂ ▼✽❍✱✏ ✼✿❖✦✥ ▼❆❍ ❍✶❈ ❈✬❍◆✒✰✼ ✸ ❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼ ✺✽✾ ✍ ✲❁✼❃✣ ❍✓✒✳✾✡▼◆✺✽✾❁❋ ✛✢✣❑❘✽✪ ✫ ✱▲✲❁✼ ❈✓✓❍ ✒✰✼ ✸✳❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼ ✵ ✼✿❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✺❘✏✻✵ ✺✽✾ ❖❁❍✓✒✳✾✡▼✽✺◆✾❁❋ ✴✶✾✡❖ ❊❁❈✓▼✽✺✽✾❁❋ ✴❉✸✻✼ ✼✻✺✛❈✓▼✽✴✶✺✽✾❁✼✿❖ ✺✽✾ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✘ ✾❁✼✻✺ ✍ ✏ ✼✿❂ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾❏✏ ✫ ✱▲✲❁✼✳✕✼ ✔ ✴✶▼✽❊❄✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ❍ ● ✍ ✲❁✼ ❈✓❍✓✒✰✼ ✸ ❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼✓✴✶▼❆❀✶❍✶✸✻✺ ✍ ✲✡✵ ❂ ✴✶✾❬✗✬✼ ● ❍✕❊✡✾✡❖ ✺✽✾ ✆✟✚✖✞ ✦ ✍✎✏ ✕✮✛✣✞ ✛ ✑✔✚ ☞ ✤ ✼ ✍ ✴✶▼ ✫ ✛ ✿✵❊◆❊☛✪ ✪✳✴✶✾✡❖ ✬ ✪ ✚✮✤✧✦❇✢ ✼ ✍ ✴✶▼ ✫ ✛ ✿✵❊◆❊☛✪ ✪ ✫ ✟ ✾ ✤ ✥✤✛✘ ✝ ❋✴✰✮✭✗✕ ✚✆☎ ✞ ✢✽▼✴✲ ✍ ✄ ✢ ✚ ☞✎✍✣✢✱✭ ✬ ✲✶✒✶✻★✏ ✚ ✕❚✡ ✌ ● ✼ ✸ ✴ ❊❏✏ ✼ ✸ ✼ ❉✛❊✡✺❆❈✓✵ ✼✿✾ ✍ ❈✓✼ ✸ ● ❍✶✸✻✵ ✼✿❖ ✴✮✏■❅✛✾✡❂ ✲❁✸■❍✕✾❄✺✶✵✿✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✒✳✺ ✍ ✲ ✍ ✲❁✼❩✗❄✴✘✏ ✼❋✏ ✍ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ❑ ✍ ✲❁✼✪❈✓❍✓✒✰✼ ✸ ❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼✳✴ ✍❬✍ ✲❁✼✧❊❏✏ ✼ ✸ ✼ ❉✛❊✡✺❆❈❄✵ ✼✿✾ ✍ ✗✬✼ ❀✕✺✽✾✖✏ ✫ ✱▲✲✡✼ ❊✖✏ ✼ ✸ ✼ ❉✛❊✡✺❆❈✓✵ ✼✿✾ ✍ ❊✖✏ ✼✧✏ ● ❍✶❈✬✼✿✾✦✥ ▼❆❍ ❍✶❈ ✵ ✼✿❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✺✑✏■✵ ✏■✲❁❍✓✒✳✾ ✺✽✾❃✼ ✺✽❀✕❊❁✸■✼ ❀✛✫ ✿✵❊ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✾❁✼✻✺ ✍ ❈✓✴❉❀✶✼ ✍ ❍❑✏ ✼ ✍ ✺ ✍ ✏ ❂ ❘ ❈✓❍✓✒✰✼ ✸ ✏✻❊✡✺ ✍ ✴◗✗❄▼❆✼ ❍✶✸ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✸■✼✿❂ ✼✿✺✶✔✕✼ ✸ ✫ ✼ ✺❆✸ ✏ ✍ ❑ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❂ ❘ ✺◆✾ ✍ ✼ ✸ ● ✼ ✸■✼✿✾❄❂ ✼ ✺❘✏ ✼✧✏ ✍ ✺✽✵ ✴ ✍ ✼✿● ❖ ✴ ✍✫✍ ✲❁✼▲✗❄✴✘✏ ✼▼✏ ✍ ✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✫ ✱▲✲❁✼✿✾✪✺ ✍ ✺✑✏✟✗✡✸✻❍✕✴✶❖✡❂ ✴✘✏ ✍ ✼✿❖ ✺✽✾ ✍ ✲✡✼ ✫ ✼❁✸■❍✕✵ ✍ ✲✡✺❘✏ ❑ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❈❄✴ ✍ ✲✧▼❆❍✱✏★✏▲❂ ✴✶✾ ✗✡✸■❍✕✴✶❖❄❂ ✘✴ ✏ ✍ ❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼ ✴✶▼❆❍✕✾❁❀✙✒✳✺ ✍ ✲ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✸✻✼ ✼ ✸■✼✿✾❄❂ ✼ ❈✓❍✓✒✰✼ ✸ ✗✬✼ ❂ ✴✶▼✽❂ ❊❄▼✽✴ ✍ ✼✿❖ ✫ ✱▲✲❁✼ ❂ ❘ ❈✬◆❍ ✒✰✼ ✸ ❂ ✴✶✾❋✗✬✼ ❂ ✴✶▼◆❂ ❊✡▼✽✴ ✍ ✼✿❖ ✍ ✴❉❋✛✺✽✾✡❀ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✍ ✴❉✸■❀✶✼ ✍✹✩✦✌ ❆✗✺✽✾ ✍ ❍ ✴✶❂ ❂ ❍✕❊✡✾ ✍ ✫ ✱✳✲❁✼ ✰ ✍ ✓✞✝✠✟ ✥ ✤☛✡☞✡✍✌✎✡☞✏ ✿❆ ✁✁ ✁ ✟✄✂✆☎✞✝ ✆✡✞✟✝ ✠ ✡✆ ✠ ✸✻✴✶✾ ■✵ ✺ ✻✺❆❍✕✾ ❈✓❍✓✒✰✼ ✸▲❂ ✴✶▼✽❂ ❊✡▼✽✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✺✑✏✰❀✕✺✶✔✕✼✿✾ ✴✘✏✳✺◆✾ ✒ ❂ ❘ ✍ ❏✏ ❘✏★✏ ✤✁ ✳✲✡✼ ✸■✡✼ ✒ ✄✂ ✭ ✮ ✌ ☞ ✜ ✡☞✡✍✌✎✡☞✏ ✛✪ ✎ ✂ ✪☞ ✦ ✞ ✎ ✓✞✝✠✟ ✥ ✎✒✑✔✓✖✕ ✆☎ ✍✞✝✠✟ ✎ ✎ ✎ ✛✫ ✛❀ ✪ ✪ ✟ ✼ ✸✻✴✶✾✖✏■✵ ✺❘✏★✏■✺❆❍✕✾ ❈✬❍◆✒✰✼ ✸▲✺✽✾ ❖❄❏ ✵ ✼✿✺❆❀✕✲ ✍ ● ✴✶❂ ✍ ❍✶✸ ✸■✼ ❈❄✸■✼✧✏ ✼✿✾ ✍ ✏ ✍ ✲❁✼ ❉✛❊✡✴✶▼✽✺ ✍ ❅ ❍ ● ❈❄✴ ✍ ✲ ▼✽❍✱✏★✏ ✵ ✼✿✴✘✏■❊❁✸✻✼✿✵ ✼✿✾ ✍ ✫ ✩ ✼ ✼ ✭ ❉✛❊✡✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾❲✛ ❀✛✫ ✿✱✪ ✒ ❃ ✴ ✍ ✲✡▼❆✱ ❍ ✏❄✏ ✵ ✼✿✘✴ ✏■❊❁✸■✼✿✵ ✼✿✾ ✍ ❂ ✴✶✾❑✗✬✼✰❂ ✴✶▼◆❂ ❊✡▼✽✴ ✍ ✼✿❖ ● ✸■❍✕✵ ✍ ✲❁✼▲❖✡✺✾❚✢✼ ✸■✼✿✾✡❂ ✼ ✗✓✼ ✍ ✒✰✼ ✼✿✾ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✸■✼ ● ✼ ✸■✼✿✾✡❂ ✼✧❈✓✓❍ ✒✰✼ ✸ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✲❁✼❋✗✡✸■❍✕✴✶❖✡❂ ✴✘✏ ✍ ❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼ ✴✶✾❄❖ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✴✶❂ ✍ ❊❄✴✶▼ ✸■✼✿❂ ✼✿✶✺ ✔❇✼✿❖ ❈✓✓❍ ✒✰✼ ✸▲❍✕✾ ✍ ✲✡✴ ✍ ❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾✡✼✿▼ ✫ ✌ ✾ ✍ ✼ ✸ ● ✼ ✸■✼✿✾❄❂ ✼ ▼❆✕✼ ✔✕✼✿▼ ✺✽✾ ❖✡❏✰✵✏✵ ✼✿✘✴ ✏✻❊❁✸■✼✿❖ ✴ ✍▲✍ ✲✡✼❬✗❄✴✘✏■✼❃✏ ✍ ✴ ✍ ✺✽❍✕✾ ✸■✼✿❂ ✼✿✺❘✔✕✼ ✸ ✫❩✌ ✍ ✺❘✏ ✒ ✗✡✸■❍✕✴✶❖❄❂ ✘✴ ✏ ✍ ✼✿❖ ✍ ❍ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✖❊ ✏ ✼ ✸ ✼ ❉✛❊✡✺❆❈❄✵ ✼✿✾ ✍ ✔✛✺◆✴ ✍ ✲❁❁ ✼ ✗✡✸■❍✕✴✶❖✡❂ ✘✴ ✏ ✍ ❂❃✲❄✴✶✾✡✾❁✼✿▼ ✫ ✹ ✍ ✩ ✦ ✌ ✫ ✍ ✍ ✒ ✱ ❉ ✴ ■ ✸ ✶ ❀ ✼ ❆ ▲ ✱ ✡ ✲ ✺ ❘ ✤ ✏ ❉ ✔ ✶ ✴ ✽ ▼ ❁ ❊ ✼ ❁ ❖ ✼ ✓ ❈ ✿ ✼ ❄ ✾ ❖ ✖ ▲ ✏ ✕ ❍ ✾ ❁ ✲ ✼ ❅ ❈✬✼ ❍ ● ✏■✼ ★✸ ✔✛✺◆❂ ✼ ✴✶✾✡❖✧✵ ❍ ❖✡❊❄▼✽✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✆☎ ✍✞✝✠✟ ✏■❂ ✲❁✼✿✵ ✼ ✫ ✱✳✲❁✼ ✒ ✂ ✒✰✼✿✺❆❀✕✲ ✍ ✺✽✾❁❀ ✯ ❈❄❍✕✴❉✖✾ ✸✻✏✴✶✍ ✵ ✴✶✾ ✼ ✍✍ ✼ ✔❉✸ ✴✶✺✑▼✽✏ ❊❁✼✹✴ ✴✶● ✓❖❊✡€■✾✡✖❊ ❂ ✏ ✍ ✍ ✺✽◗✴❍✕✗✓✾✧▼❆✳✼ ❍ ● ✗✛❅✍ ✺✽✵ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✼ ❖❁✾❁✼✿✼ ▼✽✍✴ ✒✰❅❊❍✶✗✬✸■❋✼ ✍ ❍✶✒✰❈✬✼ ✼✼✿✸✻✾ ✴ ✍ ✍ ❍✶✲❁✸ ✼ ✫ ❂ ❘ ✍ ✺✽✵ ✼✧●✏✻▼❆❍ ✍ ✴✶✾✡❖ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✵ ❍✱✏ ✍ ✸✻✼✿❂ ✼✿✾ ✍ ✣ ❘❩✏■▼❆❍ ✍ ❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✴✶✺◆✾✡✺✽✾❁❀ ✍ ✲❁✼▲❈✓✲ ✦❅ ✏■✺✽❂ ✴✶▼❁❂ ✲✡✴✶✾✡✾✡✼✿▼ ✍ ✲✡✴ ✍ ❈✡✸✻◆❍ ✔ ✺✽❖❁✧✼ ✏ ✍ ✲❁✟✼ ✗✓✼✿✴✶❂ ❍✕✾ ❊❄✾✡❂ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✛ ☛✍✌✏✎✑✎✹❑✝✿✵❊◆❊✶✿ ✼◆✪ ✒ ✂ ✪ ✂ ✪ ✛ ❀✛✫ ✿✱✪ ❂ ✒✳✲✡✼ ✸■✼ ✂ ✒✜✸■✼ ❈✡✸✻✧✼ ✏ ✼✿✾ ✍ ✏ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✾ ❊✡▲ ✵ ✗✓✼ ✸✰❍ ● ✏■▼❆❍ ✍ ✏✤✗✬✼ ✍ ✒✰✼ ✼✿✾ ✍ ✲✡✼ ❂ ❘ ✴✶✾✡❊❖ ✣❑❘ ✏■▼✽❍ ✍ ✫ ❖ ❍ ✍ ✼ ✍ ✲✡✴ ✍ ● ❍✶✸ ✍ ✲❁✼ ✵ ✺✽✾✡✺◆✵ ❊❄✵✙❖❁✼✿▼✽✴ ❅ ❍ ● ✪ ✍ ✺◆✵ ✧✼ ✏■▼❆❍ ✍ ❑ ✂ ❘✺ ✏✹✪ ✫ ✼❁❍✶✸ ✍ ✲✡✼ ✵ ✓✴ ✺ ✺◆✵ ❊❄✵ ❖❁✼✿▼◆✴ ❅ ❍ ● ❅ ✏■▼✽❍ ✍ ✏ ❍✶✸ ✵ ❍✶✸✻✼✶❑ ✂ ❘✺ ✏ ✼ ❉✛❊✡✴✶▼ ✍ € ❍ ❊ ✫ ✛ ✌ ✾ ✍ ✲❁✼▲❉✱ ✣✳✣ ✵ ❍✛❖❁✼✶❑ ✍ ✲✡✼✳✵ ✺✽✾✡✺◆✵ ❊❄✵ ❖❁✼✿▼◆✴ ❅ ❍ ● ✍ ✲✡✼ ❈✓✓❍ ✒✰✼ ✸ ❂ ❍✕✾ ✍ ✸■❍✕▼ ❂ ❅ ❂ ▼❆✼✹❘✺ ✏ ❍✕✾❁✼ ✍ ✺✽✵ ✧✼ ✏■▼✽❍ ✍ ❑ ✺◆✾ ❂ ✘✴ ✏■✼✹❍ ● ✏■❊✡❂ ❂ ✧✼ ✏❄✏■✶✺ ✔✕✼ ✴✶▼ ✍ ✼ ✸✻✾✡✴ ✍ ✺◆✾❁❀ ❂ ❘ ✴✶✾✡❈❖ ✣❑❘ ✍ ✺◆✵ ✧✼ ✏■▼❆❍ ✍ ❂ ❍✕✝✾ ❨✡❀✕❊❁✸❃✴ ✍ ✺❆❍✕✾ ✫ ✪ ✤ ✒ ✏ ✌ ☞ ❖ ✕✒ ✍ ✮ ✒ ✂ ✡☞✡✍✌✎✡☞✏ ✓✞✝✍✟ ✜ ✤ ✌ ✜ ✡☞✡✍✌✎✡☞✏ ✑✔✓✖✕ ✥ ✎ ✎ ✟ ✬✭ ✦ ✦ outer loop outer loop Target SIR Target SIR inner loop inner loop I BTS P P−CCPCH PC Calc.

Adjustment ✁✥✕ ☛✥✦✱✍✑✲ ✾ ✖✤ ✫ UE C I Interf. Noise ✥✦ ✸ ✩ ✏ ✱ ✴ ✌ ✧✂ ✳✟☛ ★✪✭✿✡ ✳✵✴ ✯ ✭ ✳ ✏ ✁✱✕ ☛✥✦✮✍✣✲ ✾ ✗✤ ✫✧✘✧✦ ❂✍✳✟☛ ✴ ✏ ✱ ✴ ✌ ✂✧✳✟☛ ★✪✭✿✡ ✌✓ ✾ ✤ ✥✤✗✫ ✝ ✤ ✢✶▼ ✚ ✭✗✕ ✚✠☎ ✞ ✢✶▼✴✲ ✍ ✄ PC Decision ∆ TPC Power Adjustment BS I Interf.

Noise ✥✦ ✸ ✩ ✏ ✱ ✴ ✌ ✧✂ ✳✟☛ ★✪✭✿✡ ✳✵✴ ✯ ✭ ✳ ✏ ✁✱✕ ☛✥✦✮✍✣✲ ✾ ✗✤ ✫✧✘✧✦ ❂✍✳✟☛ ✴ ✏ ✱ ✴ ✌ ✂✧✳✟☛ ★✪✭✿✡ ✌✓ ✾ ✤ ✥✤✗✫ ✝ ✤ ✢✶▼ ✚ ✭✗✕ ✚✠☎ ✞ ✢✶▼✴✲ ✍ ✄ PC Decision ∆ TPC Power Adjustment BS I Interf.

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